what is malaria: symptoms, causes and treatment

When you are bitten by a mosquito infected with a small parasite, you can actually contract a disease that causes intestinal illness. Mosquitoes inject intestinal disease-causing parasites into your circulatory system when it stings.

Parasites, not infection or any kind of bacteria, are the cause of jungle fever.

If left untreated, forest fever can lead to serious health problems such as seizures, brain damage, breathing problems, organ failure, and even death.

The disease is rare in the United States, with only about 2,000 cases reported each year. If you are going to a place where malaria is common, talk to your healthcare provider about how you will avoid getting infected.

Infected people traveling to the United States can transmit the disease if bitten by a mosquito and then bit another person. 

what is malaria: symptoms, causes and treatment

How common is malaria?

Tropical regions with high temperatures and humidity are prone to malaria. In 2020, there were 241 million reported cases of malaria throughout the world, with 627,000 fatalities attributable to malaria. The bulk of these occurrences occur in Africa and South Asia.

Who might get malaria?

Anybody can get timberland fever, in spite of the fact that individuals who dwell in Africa are at higher chance than individuals who do not live there. The chance of passing from timberland fever is most noteworthy in youthful children, the elderly and pregnant ladies.

Individuals who don't have get to to wellbeing care and live in destitution are more likely to involvement issues related to diseases.

More than 90% of timberland fever passing happen in Africa, and most of the casualties are youthful children. Children beneath 5 a long time ancient account for more than 80% of intestinal disease passing within the locale in 2020. 


Symptoms and symptoms of intestinal illness may include:

  • Fever 
  • Chills
  • Migraine is a common cause of suffering.
  • Illness and vomiting
  • The races
  • Torment in the stomach
  • Muscle or joint pain
  • Weakness
  • Hack for rapid breathing
  • Rapid heart rate

Some people with jungle fever experience cycles of intestinal illness "assaults." A typical attack begins with shuddering and chills, followed by a high fever, sweating, and a return to normal temperature.

Intestinal sickness symptoms and side effects frequently appear many weeks after being bitten by a contaminated insect. In any case, some intestinal parasites can remain dormant in your body for up to a year.


A plasmodium-type single-celled parasite is the source of intestinal illness. The parasite is most frequently spread to people by mosquito bites.

cycle of mosquito transmission

1. mosquito that is not ill. 

When a mosquito feeds on a person who has jungle fever, it becomes contaminated.

2. spread of a parasite. 

If this mosquito nips you again in the future, it can give you parasites that cause digestive illness.

3. Located in the liver. 

When parasites enter your body, they migrate to your liver, where some can remain dormant for up to a year.

4. Enter the cardiovascular system. 

When the parasites mature, they parasitize the liver and pollute your red blood cells. When people normally produce intestinal sickness adverse effects.

5. On to the next one. 

If an uninfected mosquito chomps you at this stage in the cycle, it will become contaminated with your intestinal disease parasites and can spread them to the other people it chomps.

Following are some elements that can raise the risk of developing malaria:

travel or reside in areas with high rates of malaria transmission, such as parts of South America, Southeast Asia, and sub-Saharan Africa.

Spend time outdoors, especially at dusk and dawn when mosquitoes are most active.

do not have access to mosquito prevention tools such as insecticide-treated nets and indoor residual spraying.

Less powerful immune systems, such as those of young children, pregnant women, and HIV/AIDS patients.

lack of availability of antimalarial drugs that are effective in preventing malaria. 


The Plasmodium parasite, which causes the life-threatening malaria, is spread through the bite of an infected mosquito.

Malaria is an important public health problem, especially in sub-Saharan Africa, where it accounts for a significant proportion of annual deaths. For effective malaria control, early detection and prompt treatment are very important.

The severity of the disease, the species of Plasmodium parasite causing the infection, and the patient's age and medical history all affect malaria treatment.

Artemisinin combination therapy (ACT), which is highly effective and endorsed by the World Health Organization, is the most commonly used antimalarial drug to treat malaria (WHO). 

Artemisinin derivatives and other antimalarial drugs are incorporated in ACTs to kill Plasmodium parasites. Artemisinin derivatives are effective antimalaria that reduce the amount of parasites in the blood within a few hours.

Unfortunately, due to their short half-lives, these drugs are rapidly cleared from the body and artemisinin resistance has been documented in many parts of the world.

However, these are the main treatment options for malaria: 

1. Pharmaceuticals with anti-malarial properties 

The mainstay of treatment for jungle fever. The most widely used antimalarial medications include artemisinin-based combination therapies, quinine, chloroquine, and mefloquine (ACTs). The type of Plasmodium parasite causing the sickness, along with the patient's age, weight, and general health, determine the best course of treatment.

2. Strong care 

In addition to antimalarial medications, the treatment of intestinal illness requires strong care. These may include anti-fever medications like acetaminophen or ibuprofen as well as intravenous fluids to prevent dehydration.

3. Complications should be expected

Severe intestinal illness can result in complications such as cerebral jungle fever, which can induce convulsions, coma, and death. Patients with severe intestinal illness may require hospitalization and treatment with intravenous medicines such as quinidine or artesunate to avoid these problems.

4. Avoiding future contaminations 

To avoid future infections, patients should take precautions against mosquito bites, such as wearing long-sleeved shirts and long pants and sleeping under nets.

It is important to recognize and treat intestinal diseases as early as possible to avoid complications and reduce the risk of death. Therefore, if you suspect that you or someone you know is suffering from an intestinal disease, it is essential that you seek medical attention immediately. 


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