what is skin allergy types, Symptom and Treatment?

What is a skin allergy?

A Skin Allergy is your body's reaction to an external stimulus to your skin that your immune system perceives as a threat. 

The reaction or allergy is usually caused by antibodies being sent to the area of impact to resist the threat or allergen. The outcome is frequently an itchy rash, and this condition is commonly named "contact dermatitis".

what is skin allergy types, Symptom and Treatment?

Types of skin allergy

The most common types of skin allergies are as follows.

1. Atopic dermatitis (eczema)

It is one of the most common types of skin allergies in children and is characterized by inflammation, irritation, and dryness of the skin. 

It is often attributed to the tightness of the skin barrier and is often triggered by food sensitivities or by an inherited gene called "filaggrin". This skin condition is often associated with other related conditions such as food allergies, asthma, and allergic rhinitis.

2. Allergic contact dermatitis

As the name suggests, this skin condition is triggered when your skin comes into contact with an allergen. 

A common example of this condition is a rash after wearing certain jewelry. Indeed, jewelry is covered with nickel, and nickel is an allergen. Other common allergens that cause this condition include plants:

poison ivy, poison ivy and poison oak. These plants are covered with an oil that causes redness and itching.

3. Urticaria (urticaria)

In this condition, the skin becomes inflamed due to histamine produced by the immune system. Histamine is a chemical responsible for allergic reactions and is produced in response to the body's detection of an external threat. 

There are two types of urticaria, acute and chronic. 

Acute rashes are usually caused by specific agents such as foods, drugs, insect bites, etc. On the other hand, chronic urticaria often has no specific cause and is therefore difficult to diagnose. Fortunately, these two conditions are not contagious.

4. Angioedema

This condition is characterized by swelling of the deep layers of the skin and usually develops in the soft tissues of the genitals, eyelids, or mouth. 

Acute angioedema lasts only a few minutes or hours and is usually caused by food or medication. In contrast, chronic recurrent angioedema occurs repeatedly over a long period of time and has no identifiable cause. 

Skin allergy symptoms

The kind and severity of skin allergies vary based on the allergen, the person's immune system, and the level of exposure. Here are some of the most frequent skin allergy symptoms:

1. Rash

The most prevalent sign of skin sensitivity is a rash. They may be flat and reddish in appearance, or elevated and unpleasant. Anywhere on the body might develop rashes, which range in size from little pimples to large regions.

2. Itching

One typical and occasionally severe adverse effect of skin sensitivity is tingling. The tingling may only affect the area where the allergen is presented, or it may affect the entire body.

3. Hives

Hives are reddish, raised welts that can appear anywhere on the body. They may be small or large, and they have a quick emergence and disappearance.

4. Swelling

Another common sign of skin hypersensitivities is swelling. It might happen within the put where the allergen was uncovered or it can expand all through the body. Swelling can be lethal in serious circumstances, especially if it creates within the neck or mouth.

5. Eczema

Eczema is a persistent skin ailment that causes dry, itchy, and scaly patches of skin. Allergens such as pet dander, dust mites, or particular foods might cause it.

6. Contact dermatitis

Contact dermatitis could be a skin response that creates when an allergen comes into touch with the skin. It can cause swelling, redness, and rankling. 

7. Skin flaking or peeling

A skin allergy may cause skin flaking or peeling. This may indicate a more serious allergic reaction and needs to be examined by a doctor.

Treatment for skin allergy

Here are the distinctive Skin Hypersensitivity treatment choices for the distinctive sorts of Skin Sensitivities.

1. Atopic dermatitis or dermatitis

This sort of Skin Sensitivity disturbs in the event that you scratch it. So, maintain a strategic distance from scratching it. 

The foremost viable treatment is topical treatments and creams. In case bacterial contamination creates, anti-microbials may moreover be endorsed by your specialist.

2. Urticaria (hives) and angioedema

In case you discover out the trigger causing the hives, you'll dodge it. This will make the indications die down. Orally initiated antihistamines are another treatment for angioedema and hives. It can offer assistance control the tingling and rashes.

3. Unfavorably susceptible contact dermatitis

Antihistamine and cortisone drugs are usually recommended to combat this sort of Skin Hypersensitivity. You'll be able moreover clean the influenced skin with water and cleanser and afterward apply a calamine salve to treat this condition. 

4. Topical lotions

Topical lotions or therapies, such as corticosteroids, antihistamines, or immunomodulators, can be used to alleviate tingling and irritation.

5. Oral medication

If your hypersensitivity is severe, your doctor may advise you to take oral medications such as antihistamines, corticosteroids, or immunosuppressants.

6. immunotherapy

If your hypersensitivity is caused by a specific allergen, such as dust or animal dander, immunotherapy may be an option. This includes receiving repeated infusions of the allergen over time to desensitize your resistance structure.


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